Structural engineers analyze, design, plan, and research structural components and structural systems to achieve design goals and ensure the safety and comfort of users or occupants. Their work takes account mainly of safety, technical, economic and environmental concerns, but they may also consider aesthetic and social factors.
Structural engineering is usually considered a specialty discipline within civil engineering, but it can also be studied in its own right. In the US, most practicing structural engineers are currently licensed as civil engineers, but the situation varies from state to state. In the UK, most structural engineers in the building industry are members of the Institution of Structural Engineers rather than the Institution of Civil Engineers.
Typical structures designed by a structural engineer include buildings, towers, stadia and bridges. Other structures such as oil rigs, space satellites, aircraft and ships may also be designed by a structural engineer. Most structural engineers are employed in the construction industry, however, there are also structural engineers in the aerospace, automobile and shipbuilding industries. In the construction industry, they work closely with architects, civil engineers, mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, quantity surveyors, and construction managers.
Structural engineers ensure that buildings and bridges are built to be strong enough and stable enough to resist all appropriate structural loads (e.g., gravity, wind, snow, rain, seismic (earthquake), earth pressure, temperature, and traffic) in order to prevent or reduce the loss of life or injury. They also design structures to be stiff enough to not deflect or vibrate beyond acceptable limits. Human comfort is an issue that is regularly considered in the limits. Fatigue is also an important consideration for bridges and for aircraft design or for other structures which experience a large number of stress cycles over their lifetimes. Consideration is also given to durability of materials against possible deterioration which may impair performance over the design lifetime.
As a structural engineer, you will need to display keen commercial awareness and understand the business implications of the decisions you make. Highly analytical, you’ll be good at maths, IT and mechanics, and be able to get your head around methods in construction, as well as health, safety and legal considerations.
Communication skills are particularly important in this role as you’ll be dealing with a wide range of clients and colleagues – as is the ability to work well as part of a team. For example, you may have to convey complex concepts to a client who is unfamiliar with structural engineering principles.
You’ll have good problem-solving skills and be able to manage a whole project, including looking after the budget, and it’s important that you can meet deadlines.
Structural Engineering Subject/Syllabus:
- Matrix Structural Analysis
- Dynamics of Structures
- Concrete Technology
- Elective I:
- Numerical Methods
- Pre Stressed Concrete
- Computer Applications
- Hydraulic structures
- Theory of Plates and Shells
- Seismic Microzonation
- Finite Element Analysis
- Earthquake Resistant Design
- Advanced Concrete Design
- Solid Mechanics
- Foundation Engineering
- Soil Structure Interaction
- Construction Techniques and Management
- Rock Mechanics and Tunneling
- Design of Tall Buildings
- Design of Industrial Structures
- Bridge Analysis and Design
- Mid Term Evaluation of Dissertation
Eligibility & Admission Process:
Civil Engineering graduates are eligible to apply for this master of engineering degree in structural engineering. The degree must be passed from a recognized institution with a minimum of 60% marks. Moreover, the candidate should have passed the GATE qualifying examination or other similar examination. GATE is an exam carried out at a national level in order to select candidates into various engineering streams.
Colleges offering M.tech in Structural Engineering :
- B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Engineering College
- Babasaheb Naik College of Engineering
- Bannari Amman Institute of Technology
- Bhilai Institute of Technology
- Alagappa Chettiar College of Engineering & Technology
- Anna University
- Arulmigu Meenakshi Amman College of Engineering
- C.S.I. Institute of Technology
- Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology
- Dayananda Sagar Academy of Technology
- Delhi Technological University
- Dr. Sivanthi Aditanar College of Engineering
- Government College of Engineering, Karad
- Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science
- Indian Institute of Science (IIS)
- Institute of Road and Transport Technology
- M.P.Nachimuthu M.Jaganathan Engineering College
- Maharashtra Institute of Technology
- MBM Engineering College (Mugniram Bangur Memorial Engineering College)
- Parul Institute of Engineering and Technology
- Poojya Doddappa Appa College of Engineering
Job Prospects & Salaries:
Master of engineering degree holders in Structural Engineering can find lot of career opportunities in public as well as private sector firms. Hardworking and dedicated professionals can build up a rewarding career in civil engineering firms. They can work as civil modellers or design engineers in reputed firms. EIL, Structural engineering research Centre, etc are some of the firms that are in need of structural engineers. These professionals can also find jobs in CSIR, ISRO, and etc. Educational field and research firms also offer enough career opportunities for interested candidates. Those with 55% marks can apply for NET exam. NET qualified candidates can look for teaching profession in government colleges. Research related firms like IRCC often recruit these candidates.
The compensation packages offered for master degree holders in structural engineering are quite satisfactory. They can expect an entry-level salary wwithinthe range of Rs. 20,000/- to Rs. 30,000/- per month. By gaining years of experience, these professionals can expect salary with in the range of Rs. 1-3 lakhs per month. NET qualified candidates can expect an initial-level salary of Rs. 40,000/- per month. The compensation packages are much higher for those who find employment outside the country.