Power Systems and Power Electronics
Power systems and power electronics is the engineering study of converting electrical power from one form to another. At a worldwide average rate of 12 billion kilowatts every hour of every day of every year, more than 40% of the power generated is being reprocessed or recycled through some form of power electronic systems. By 2010, it is expected this will increase up to 80%. A lot of energy is wasted during this power conversion process due to low power conversion efficiency. It is estimated that the power wasted in desktop PCs sold in one year is equivalent to seventeen 500MW power plants! It is therefore very important to improve the efficiency of these power conversion systems. It is estimated that with the widespread use of efficient and cost-effective power electronics technology, the world could see a 35% reduction in energy consumption.
The Power Electronics and Power Systems area at NCSU conducts research in the fields of electrical power systems, power electronics systems, power management microsystems and power semiconductor devices.
Main area of Research
In power electronics systems research, we are particularly interested in applying power electronics technology to transform our nation’s aging electric grid system from a passive one to an active one. Breakthroughs in power semiconductor devices, power converter technology, advanced control technology and energy storage systems are the keys to reducing the cost of power electronics systems and at the same time improving their efficiency and reliability.
In the area of electric power systems, we look to the “big picture” of how power electronics system and renewable energy resources will improve and transform our nation electric power systems. Adapting computer, control, and system analysis techniques, we study large power system operation and planning problems in the electrical grid when advanced power electronics, energy storage and renewable energy sources are incorporated into the grid. Diagnosing and controlling electric power system faults is another focus of our work.
In power management microsystems research, we focus on how to use power integrated circuit technology and integrated passives technology to develop advanced power management converters for battery-powered handheld, or laptop power management applications. Novel controllers are developed for powering future generations of microprocessors or cell phones.
In the power semiconductor devices research, we develop advanced high voltage power devices based up on wideband gap materials like silicon carbonate and gallium nitride. We also study low voltage power devices for power management applications.
Subject / Syllabus:
M.Tech. Power Systems and Power Electronics Syllabus
The following are study related subjects:-
- Instrumentation Engineering
- Introduction to DSP
- Synthesis of Control Systems
- Power Converter Analysis & Design
- Computer Methods in Power Systems Analysis
- High Voltage Technology
- Department Elective 1; 2; 3; 4
- DSP Applications Laboratory
- Laboratory (Power)
- Department Elective 5;6;
List of Electives:
- Topics in Electromagnetic Compatibility
- Analog and Digital Circuits
- Analysis of Networks & Systems
- Power System Optimization
- Transducers for Instrumentation & Process Control
- Power System Instrumentation
- Precision Elect. Measurements
- Discrete Data Systems
- Nonlinear Control Systems
- Power Electronic Control of Electric Machines
- Neural Networks
- Modeling and Analysis of Electric Machines
- Finite Element Analysis of Electrical Apparatus
- Computer-aided Design of Electrical Machines
- Power System Control & Stability
- High Voltage Power Transmission
- Computer Application in Power System Operation
- Energy Mgmt Systems & SCADA
- Distributed Power Systems
- Power Quality & Reliability
- Digital Simulation of Power Systems
- Digital Simulation of Power Elec. Circuits & Systems
- Knowledge-Based systems in power engineering
- Advanced Topics in Electrical Insulation
- Advanced Topics in Power System Protection
Eligibility & Admission Process:
The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor’s degree in (B.E/B.Tech) or any other equivalent branches of engineering. The duration for the course is 2 years.
- Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Tharamani, Chennai
- Institute of Technical Education & Research, Khandagiri, Bhubaneswar
- Ramdeobaba College of Engineering & Management, Katol Road, Nagpur
- Vasavi College of Engineering, Ibrahim Bagh Lines, Hyderabad
Job Prospects & Salaries:
Power Systems: Engineering is one of the most rewarding and promising careers for young aspirants. In today’s world engineers probably have a wider choice to work, and a greater variety of jobs, than is possible in any other profession. There is vast scope for engineers in areas such as polymer technology, textile technology, communication, computers, automobile, thermal engineering and so on. There are lots of job opportunities available in India as well as in foreign countries.
Graduates after completion of their course in engineering can seek employment opportunities in almost all related production industries, hospitals and research institutes. They could also seek employment in the government sector as well, in various arms of state and central government. Professionals in this career can also opt for teaching jobs in universities and colleges. Aspirants can also expand their skills and knowledge through pursuing more courses.
The remuneration of a professional mainly depends on the factors such as the company, job profile, qualification, skills and work experience. A skilled engineer employed in private sector can expect income around Rs. 15, 000 to Rs. 20000 every month in the beginning stage. After gaining experience one can earn more than 40,000 per month. Whereas in government sector there are specific pay scales for of the various state and central governments although with small variations from state to state. M.Tech degree holders from reputed colleges can earn handsome salary.
Power Electronics: Electronics and Communication Engineering opens up great career prospects for the students. The students after completion of the degree can easily avail job opportunities in manufacturing industries and service organizations such as broadcasting, consulting, data communication, entertainment, research and development; and system support. The candidates can also work in modern multimedia service firms that are involved in the real-time transfer of information through video conferencing and internet broadcasting.
The opportunities are galore for electronics and communication engineers as they are employed in variety of sectors such as Indian Telephone Industries, Civil Aviation, Development Centers in various States, Defense, NPL, A.I.R, Posts and Telegraph Department, Railways, Bharat Electronics Limited, D.R.D.O, Telecommunication, Software Engineering/IT, Power sector, Hardware Manufacturing, Home Appliance and VLSI design, Television Industry and Research & Development.
Some job titles:-
- Service Engineer
- Software Analyst
- Technical Director
- Field Test Engineer
- Senior Sales Manager
- Network Planning Engineer
- Customer Support Engineer
- Electronics and Communications Consultant
- Research & Development Software Engineer
The remuneration offered to a candidate after electronics and communication engineering varies from sector to sector such as government organizations such as VHEL, BSNL, ONGC and PSU that employs candidates as a junior telecom officer/technical engineer/survey and maintenance engineer offer salary between Rs. 10000 – Rs. 32000 every month.
In the private sector, the package offered for electronics and communication engineers is Rs. 3, 50,000 – Rs. 4, 00,000 lakhs per annum. The high caliber graduates with specialization in mobile computing and VLSI Design are offered higher packages more than 4, 00,000 lakhs per annum. So, electronics and communication engineering is a very lucrative career.