Thermal engineering is a branch of Mechanical Engineering, that encompasses technologies dealing with heating and cooling systems, transfer of heat, and fluid mechanics. In simple words, thermal engineering is a division of engineering that deals with heating or cooling of processes, equipment, or enclosed environments. A thermal engineer is a professional who specializes in a complex field of engineering that focuses on thermodynamics, heat transfer, mass transfer, and fluid mechanics.
Thermodynamics deals with the conversion of heat energy into mechanical, chemical and electrical energy as well as the conversion of other energies into heat energy. Thermal Engineers pay attention to every aspect of heat generation and its removal in an electronics system.
Thermal engineering principles are applied in many areas, including the electric power industry; the automobile industry; and the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) industry. The principles of thermal engineering are also crucial to the operation of vehicles. The heating and cooling of the car is controlled by thermal management systems integrated into the design. Thermal engineering also offers widespread application in the area of spacecraft propulsion and in other application areas of thermal control.
Thermal engineering is important to the design of almost any machine. Mechanical elements and electric circuits generate heat during operation which can often threaten the device. Cooling mechanism help regulate the machine’s internal temperature. Devices that use this principle include even computers and car batteries.
Skills Required :
Thermal engineers need to have a good aptitude for the natural sciences, particularly physics, chemistry and mathematics, and should have good analytical and problem-solving ability. They must have numeric skills as math’s is an important tool. They must have the ability to communicate ideas clearly, both orally and in writing. They also need to have a genuine interest and concern in environmental issues. In addition to the above-mentioned requirements organizing ability, practicality, ability to get on well with people of all types and to keep calm under pressure are an asset in the field.
Eligibility & Admission Process :
The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor’s degree in (B.E/B.Tech) or any other equivalent branches of engineering. The duration of this course is 2 years.
Selection: Selection to the postgraduate courses ( M.E/M.Tech ) is based on merit i.e the marks secured in the final exams of B.E./B.Tech course Or on the basis of scores obtained in the entrance exams such as the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) Entrance Examination OR the institutes own separate entrance exams. Some engineering colleges/institutes specify GATE qualification as mandatory even for admission of self-financing students to postgraduate programmes. The candidates have to achieve a good score in the entrance test to get admitted into master’s program in Thermal Engineering.
Subjects / syllabus :
- Advanced Engineering Mathematics
- Advanced Heat Transfer
- Advanced Thermodynamics
- Advanced Fluid Mechanics
- Instrumentation in Thermal Systems
- Refrigeration Systems Design
- Fuels and Combustion
- Advanced Internal Combustion Engineering
- Environmental Engineering & Pollution Control
Colleges offering M.Tech in Thermal engineering :
- Beant College of Engineering and Technology
- Bharath Institute of Science and Technology
- Bharath University, Chennai
- Biju Patnaik University of Technology
- College of Engineering, Trivandrum (COE T)
- G.Pulla Reddy Engineering College
- Government College of Engineering, Amravati (M.S)
- HKBK College of Engineering
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee
- Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IIT-D)
- Institute of Technical Education and Research – Bhubaneswar
- JNTUH College of Engineering
- Jodhpur Engineering College Research Centre – Jodhpur
- KL University
- Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
- Lakireddy Bali Reddy College of Engineering
- Maharishi Markandeshwar Engineering College, Ambala
- Malla Reddy Engineering College
Job Prospects & Salaries:
There are a lot of career opportunities in this field. Engineers from this field are employed mostly in production firms or they can also opt for managerial and executive positions in public and private sectors. Professionals in this career can also opt for teaching jobs in universities and colleges. This field has a lot of opportunities for those who want to pursue a career as a researcher. Thermal engineering is one of the highly remunerative and challenging fields.
Thermal engineers can get job opportunities in both private and public sectors of various types and their work differs by industry and function. Defense and railways require thermal engineers to assist in maintenance and design of their machinery. Thermal engineers also maintain centers for electric motors, pump sets, oil engines and other manufacturing equipments. The salary for thermal engineers differs on the factors such as qualification, experience and job profile.
Some job titles: –
- Plant Chemist
- Piping Designer
- Trainee Planner
- Graduate Trainee
- Maintenance Engineer
- Field Service Engineer
- Independent Consultants