Manufacturing engineering is a discipline of engineering dealing with different manufacturing practices and the research and development of systems, processes, machines, tools and equipment. Dealing with machines that turn raw materials to a new product.
Manufacturing engineering helps us to develop and create physical artifacts, production processes, and technology. It is a very broad area which includes the design and development of products. The manufacturing engineering discipline has very strong overlaps with mechanical engineering, industrial engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering, computer science, materials management, and operations management. Manufacturing engineers’ success or failure directly impacts the advancement of technology and the spread of innovation. This field of engineering emerged in the mid to late 20th century, when industrialized countries introduced factories with:
- Advanced statistical methods of quality control: These factories were pioneered by the American mathematician William Edwards Deming, who was initially ignored by his home country. The same methods of quality control later turned Japanese factories into world leaders in cost-effectiveness and production quality.
- Industrial robots on the factory floor, introduced in the late 1970s: These computer-controlled welding arms and grippers could perform simple tasks such as attaching a car door quickly and flawlessly 24 hours a day. This cut costs and improved production speed.
Skills Required :
- Active Listening – Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Speaking – Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Complex Problem Solving – Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Judgment and Decision Making – Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Systems Analysis – Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Reading Comprehension – Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Systems Evaluation – Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Time Management – Managing one’s own time and the time of others.
- Technology Design – Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
- Mathematics – Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Writing – Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Critical Thinking – Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Active Learning – Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Monitoring – Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation Monitoring – Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Troubleshooting – Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Quality Control Analysis – Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Coordination – Adjusting actions in relation to others’ actions.
- Management of Personnel Resources – Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Equipment Selection – Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Operations Analysis – Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
- Social Perceptiveness – Being aware of others’ reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Learning Strategies – Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Instructing – Teaching others how to do something.
- Management of Financial Resources – Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
- Management of Material Resources – Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
- Operation and Control – Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Persuasion – Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Science – Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Negotiation – Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
- Service Orientation – Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Repairing – Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Equipment Maintenance – Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Installation – Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
Subjects / Syllabus :
- Computational Methods for Engineers
- Advanced Casting Technology
- Advanced Welding Technology
- Computer Graphics and CAD
- Manufacturing Systems Engineering
- Non-Traditional Machining
- Quality Control and TQM
- Forging Die Design and Manufacture
- CNC and Programming
- Design of Machine Tools
- Elective I
- Elective II
- Elective III
- Elective IV
- Industrial Training
- Project Work (Part I)
- Comprehensive Viva-voce
- Project Work (Part II)
Eligibility & Admission Process :
B.E. / B. Tech. Degree in Mechanical / Automobile or Production / Electrical & Electronics / Electronics & Communication / Electronics & Instrumentation / Instrumentation & Control / Computer Science / Information Technology / Mechatronics or any equivalent degree.
Colleges offering Masters in Manufacturing engineering :
- Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology (VSSUT), Burla
- National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tiruchirappalli
- Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Raigad
- JSS Academy of Technical Education, Noida
- B.S. Abdur Rahman University, Chennai
- Ghousia College of Engineering, Bangalore
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur
- P.E.S. Institute of Technology (P.E.S.I.T.), Bangalore
- Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Institute of Science and Technology, Thanjavur
Job Prospects & Salaries:
Manufacturing engineers have a high level of technical expertise and skill, which they use to plan, design, setup, modify, optimize and monitor manufacturing processes. Since the basic principles of manufacturing engineering apply to all industries they can work in numerous sectors including food and drink, oil, plastics and pharmaceuticals.
They work to produce high-quality goods efficiently using the most cost-effective methods and with the aim of reducing the impact of production on the environment.
Manufacturing engineers are designers, as well as analytical and creative thinkers. They can operate on their own initiative but also contribute as a team member working with engineers from various disciplines. They also work with other professionals, in areas such as finance and health and safety.