Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and Production are deemed to fall within the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry. Exploration, by earth scientists, and petroleum engineering are the oil and gas industry’s two main subsurface disciplines, which focus on maximizing economic recovery of hydrocarbons from subsurface reservoirs. Petroleum geology and geophysics focus on the provision of a static description of the hydrocarbon reservoir rock, while petroleum engineering focuses on estimation of the recoverable volume of this resource using a detailed understanding of the physical behavior of oil, water and gas within porous rock at very high pressure.
The combined efforts of geologists and petroleum engineers throughout the life of a hydrocarbon accumulation determine the way in which a reservoir is developed and depleted, and usually, they have the highest impact on field economics. Petroleum engineering requires a good knowledge of many other related disciplines, such as geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, completions and oil and gas facilities engineering.
Skills Required :
- Reading Comprehension – Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening – Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Speaking – Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Writing – Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Critical Thinking – Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Complex Problem Solving – Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Monitoring – Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Judgment and Decision Making – Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Systems Analysis – Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Coordination – Adjusting actions in relation to others’ actions.
- Time Management – Managing one’s own time and the time of others.
- Systems Evaluation – Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Social Perceptiveness – Being aware of others’ reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Active Learning – Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Science – Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Management of Personnel Resources – Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Mathematics – Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Negotiation – Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
- Instructing – Teaching others how to do something.
- Operation Monitoring – Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Persuasion – Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Service Orientation – Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Learning Strategies – Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Management of Financial Resources – Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
- Management of Material Resources – Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
- Quality Control Analysis – Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
Subjects / Syllabus :
- Petroleum Geology
- Reservoir Engineering
- Oil And Gas Exploration Methods
- Drilling Technology
- Elective I
- Elective II
- Natural Gas Engineering
- Seismic data acquisition, Processing and Interpretation
- HSE Management in Petroleum & Offshore Engg
- Reservoir Simulation
- Elective IV
- Elective V
- PE Lab
- Practical Training
- Special Topics In Petroleum Engg.
- Thesis (Part I)
- Thesis Project (Part II)
Eligibility & Admission Process :
B.E./B.Tech. or equivalent in Petroleum Engineering, Petroleum Refinery Engineering, Petrochemical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Chemical, Technology, Mining Engineering / M.Sc. or M.Sc. Tech. in Applied Geology, Applied Geophysics, Petroleum Geology, with Mathematics as one of the courses of study at the bachelors level, and with a minimum CPI of 6.5 on a 10 point scale or equivalent (60% of aggregate marks).
Colleges in India offering this course :
- Aryabhatta Knowledge University
- Dibrugarh University
- Indian School of Mines University
- Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University
- Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology
- AMET University
Job Prospects & Salaries:
Career prospects are quite attractive in petroleum sector as petroleum companies have great influence and offer attractive salaries to employees. The demand for petroleum and petroleum products is only expected to increase and the increase would lead to the creation of new jobs. In fact, there is a great demand of efficient petroleum engineers and almost every young graduate in petroleum engineering gets a job offer from petrol and gas companies from India and overseas.
Whereas private petroleum companies offer attractive salaries to petroleum engineers, government sector oil companies are not far behind in terms of paying attractive salaries and bonuses to employees.